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Yin/Yang Theory


There are many, many kinds of Dao - great cycle or way of life. The basic meaning of Dao is the way to connect with the pre-existing order and underlying intelligence of natural life. Natural life harmonises and adapts to the constant changing of Yin and Yang. Throughout life, Yin and Yang need to change and rebalance continually, thus maintaining health. The various schools of Dao contain the same kinds of thoughts, but the principles to achieve balance vary considerably. Nature Dao, study of nature, is to constantly identify and follow the natural way of human life – where all aspects are balanced, neither excess (Yang) nor deficiency (Yin) are prolonged, being neither consistently too strong or too weak.

Why study concepts such as Yin/Yang theory? Yin/Yang education facilitates a subliminal and conscious structure for reasoning, evoking logical insight of nature’s way and actions related to a healthy way of life. From this, people in relationships can become balanced; also, the relationship with all matters concerning our world can become more consciously balanced.

What are Yin and Yang, and how is Yin/Yang related to Wu Ji, Tai Ji, Ba Gua and Yi Jing?

Wu Ji means no end – it is everywhere and implies that all in existence is contained within Wu Ji. The term is used to denote the great void or the great ultimate, or that which exists as, and beyond, the physical body.
We may also contract the idea of Wu Ji to define any unknown construct. For example, draw a straight line and write Yin at the beginning and Yang at the end. We now think of this line as a microcosm of Wu Ji. The changing Yin/Yang character from movement between the maximum Yin degree at one polarity, to the maximum Yang degree at the opposite polarity is Tai Ji. Tai Ji defines Yin/Yang changing; it is the movement pre-existing within Wu Ji.

A line does not carry any variation of character from one end to the other, but nature and the universe do. Nature displays hot to cold, wet to dry, light to dark, weak and strong, large and small, masculine and feminine, loud and soft, extroverted and introverted, icecaps and the equator, hostile and passive, happy and sad, black to white, fearful and brave, internal and external, earth and heaven, quantum and particle.  These name a few of the vast array of opposite polarities that exist in Yin/Yang relationship to each other. Here we name the opposite extremes, but existing between polarities are degrees in between. If we write hot, representing Yang at one end of this line and cold, representing Yin at the other end, then this defines the Wu Ji of this relationship. The half waypoint represents a half Yin and half Yang character, which indicate neither hot or cold.
Yin and Yang declare the two polarity forces of Wu Ji. The ancients further divided Wu Ji, from two into four, from four to eight, and from eight to 64. Formal delineations of Wu Ji occur when increasing the number of lines of Yin and Yang. Doubling the two images and the two lines of Yin/Yang creates the four images termed Si Xiang. Si Xiang means four corners. Yin/Yang changing within Wu Ji now separates into four basic forces. Each force displays an individual Yin/Yang characteristic.

We double the images and the lines of Si Xiang, four corners,to form the eight-sided Ba Gua. Si Xiang has particular application in medical study.  Ba Gua has particular application to the study of planet earth’s eight fundamental attributes and directional influences.
Within the movement of Tai Ji and along Wu Ji from Yang to Yin, it is further divided into 64 individual forces, each with its own interpretation. This occurs when the Ba Gua lines are multiplied in the same way. These segments form the images that make up the 64 hexagrams of Yi Jing, (known in the west as I Ching).

Photo: The city of Lanzhou is bisected by the mighty Yellow river, said by all to be the giver of life. A woman and her baby resides on the bank as a symbol of the life giving nectar offered by the river, in this otherwise dry harsh clay soil environment.

Photo: The junction of the vast mountain range of Kong Tong that overlooks the homeland of The Yellow Emperor Huang Di. This place is an ancient site of the oldest known Nature Daoist settlement (a very difficult climb) and is said to be where Zhang San Feng resided. He is credited as being father of Daoist Tai Chi Quan.

Through the vehicle of Yin and Yang, Tai Ji, Si Xiang, Ba Gua and Yi Jing, we deduce the flow between and define the fundamental character/influence of any position between Yin and Yang. Any life, medical condition, emotional, psychological, geological, or atmospheric situation within the universe can be classified by Yin/Yang and when more experienced, further delineated to form Yi Jing. From this kind of education/awareness, we become more able to deduce the Yin/Yang influences upon us and logically define where we stand within Wu Ji at any time, place or situation. The important purpose of this work is first to recognise, and then to balance excessive Yang with a Yin influence or vice versa.

Yin Yang Symbol, also known as Tai Chi Symbol

 


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